Butterflies, beautiful works of nature
By Antonia Di Fiore
The beauty of butterflies often impacts those who see them. And it is that they are insects, almost always flying, whose color and diversity of shapes stand out at first glance.
According to the most up-to-date bibliographic sources, there are about 170,000 species, of which only 10% are diurnal.
Their great adaptability has allowed them to remain on Earth for millions of years, in highly varied climatic conditions and natural habitats. Their emergence coincides with the proliferation of flowering plants, as they maintain a close relationship with them, mainly to feed themselves.
Adult butterflies are able to feed on flower nectar (the main source of sustenance) thanks to their trunk that can penetrate the interior of the flower.
In turn, plants benefit from this process because while they feed, butterflies and birds transfer the pollen from one to the other, thereby ensuring their reproduction.
For their part, these insects begin their life inside eggs. From these emerge caterpillars, which after shedding their skin several times, in the last molt they become pupae or chrysalis. These in turn house the future butterfly and it is crucial, since parts of its body are formed there.
Butterflies have always been considered fragile, because they do not have weapons to defend themselves from predators. Their most common self-protection strategy is camouflage. In recent years, the population of these animals has notably decreased, thus being so important to maintain their natural environment and, above all, to protect them.