Coffee, a star product
By Julia Muñoz
Coffee is the drink obtained by straining the roasted and ground seeds of the coffee tree, plant that can grow up to 6 meters in height.
Coffee is grown mainly in tropical and subtropical countries. Brazil concentrates just over one third of world production. Coffee beans are one of the main products of agricultural origin that are traded in international markets and often make a great contribution to the export sector of the producing regions.
Coffee is highly stimulating due to its caffeine content, and is usually taken at breakfast, after it, or even as a breakfast substitute, although it is also customary to take it after lunch or dinner, to start conversations or just out of habit.
It is one of the most socializing non-alcoholic drinks in many countries. The most popular ways to drink it are: espresso and cappuccino, with or without sugar. Cream, condensed milk, chocolate or some liquor are also usually added depending on the recipe, as there are many ways to prepare it. It is usually served hot, but it is also drunk cold or with ice.
Starting five years ago, every October 1st, International Coffee Day is celebrated, a proclamation made by the International Coffee Organization (ICO). The idea of this date arose with the intention of "bringing together all the world's coffee producers in a single holiday."
Some curiosities about coffee point out that it is the second most consumed beverage in the world after water; approximately 3 billion cups of coffee are consumed every day on the planet. It is the second most commercialized product in the world along with Coca Cola, and the place where the most coffee is consumed is in the Nordic countries.