World Health Day amid acute health crisis
"Building a fairer and healthier world" is the theme to which World Health Day is dedicated this April 7, which since last year is celebrated in the midst of one of the worst health crises in humanity's memory due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which has affected millions of people.
The day was proclaimed in 1948, at the first World Health Assembly, in commemoration of the founding of the World Health Organization (WHO) on April 7. In recalling this year's celebration, the international body points out that the pandemic has shown that some people can lead healthier lives and have better access to health services than others, due entirely to the conditions in which they are born, grow up, live, work and grow old.
In that sense, it recalls the sectors that struggle to make ends meet with little daily income, have worse housing and education conditions and fewer employment opportunities, experience greater gender inequality and have little or no access to safe environments, water and clean air, food safety and health services.
COVID-19 has hit all countries hard, but its impact has been most pronounced in communities that were already vulnerable, which is not only unfair: it is avoidable, the WHO abounds, and calls on leaders to ensure that all people have living and working conditions that favor good health.
Among the recommendations in this regard, it indicates that a joint approach should be adopted to address the root causes of inequalities and increase investment in primary health care, which it considers “essential to face the current challenges of guaranteeing health for all and build the resilience of the future ”.
Currently engaged in the fight against the pandemic, Cuba has a free health system, with access for the entire population, organized from extensive primary care to hospitals and institutes, and a permanent epidemiological work.
Management from science and innovation contributes to the national health model, reflected in recent times in the development of five vaccine candidates against COVID-19, from which the population is expected to be immunized this year.
The Caribbean country maintains collaboration in this area with numerous nations, an example of which is the work of 57 brigades belonging to the International Contingent of Specialized Doctors in Disaster Situations and Serious Epidemics "Henry Reeve", in 48 countries, who join the over 28 thousand health professionals who already worked in 66 nations, before the current health crisis.