Known as La Perla del Sur (The Pearl of the South), Cienfuegos is a city located in central southern Cuba and is the capital of the province with the same name. It is connected to the Caribbean Sea through a narrow waterway that provides access to the city, which was founded on April 22, 1819 by French settlers led by Luis De Clouet.
Referred to by famous Cuban singer Benny Moré as “the city I like the most,” Cienfuegos is located about 245 kilometers from Havana in the Majagua Peninsula, on the shores of the Bay of Jagua whose aboriginal name means origin, source, spring, wealth. The Bay of Jagua opens into the Caribbean Sea via a narrow channel that provides access to ships using the port.
After the city was founded, French immigrants settled in the Majagua Peninsula and named present-day Cienfuegos Villa Fernandina de Jagua, a name that honored both King Ferdinand VII and the indigenous people.
In addition to the Zapata Swamp and many other natural attractions, the city captivates visitors with its clean streets, well-preserved buildings, and the Hotel Jagua, an imposing 1950s building that is now recovering its charm and is visited by people from around the world.