Conference in favor of people with hearing disabilities

Conference in favor of people with hearing disabilities

Heritage & Traditions

Cubaplus Magazine

"We sign for Human Rights" is the theme this year for the International Sign Language Day, as part of the days dedicated to people with hearing disabilities, discriminated against on many occasions but with great potential to contribute to society.

Every year since 1958, the last week of September, in this case from 20 to 26, the International Week of Deaf People is celebrated to promote their social inclusion, make citizens aware of the reality they live, their way of interacting with the environment and the importance of early detection of these disorders in newborns.

Two significant moments mark this commemoration: the one dedicated to sign languages, on September 23, and the International Day of Deaf People, on the 26th, usually the last Sunday of the month. The United Nations General Assembly agreed on that first date on the occasion of the establishment, in 1951, of the World Federation of the Deaf (WFD), for which the preservation of sign languages ​​and this culture is prerequisite for the realization of rights. Humans of people with such ailments.

According to the specialized organization, there are approximately 70 million deaf people around the world, more than 80 percent live in developing countries and, as a group, they use more than 300 different sign languages. Statistics from other international sources indicate that more than 400 million human beings on the planet have some type of hearing problem, and 60 percent of all cases could have been prevented if they had been diagnosed in time.

The data specify that 50 percent of young people between 12 and 35 years of age are at risk of developing some type of hearing loss, due to continuous overexposure to noise in different contexts, and warn that by the year 2050 , one in 10 people will have some type of hearing impairment. 

In this Caribbean country, the interests of this population segment are represented by the National Association of the Deaf of Cuba (ANSOC), with branches in all provinces. The island signed and ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and has a national action plan in this area.

The Cuban Sign Language is recognized and socially accepted in the country, where there are training programs for teachers and interpreters.