Cuba celebrates Children's Day
Like every third Sunday in July, Cuba celebrates Children's Day, to celebrate a vulnerable segment of the population that is at the center of attention of all society.
Traditionally, cultural, sports, recreational and festive actions in general, throughout the island, characterize the day, which, like the previous year, must take place on this occasion virtually as a result of the COVID19 pandemic.
On this day, the Cuban National Hero José Martí is remembered in a special way, who, in the midst of his independence efforts, devoted particular attention to childhood. We work for children, because they are the ones who know how to love, because children are the hope of the world, said the hero in one of his many expressions about the little ones, for whom he founded the Golden Age magazine in 1889.
Cuba signed on January 26, 1990, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, approved in November of the previous year, whose postulates are included in the Constitution of the Republic in articles that establish the duties of the family and the State with respect to the new generation.
In this sense, among other aspects, there is a policy of subsidies for families with low incomes or who cannot guarantee the maintenance of children, the existence of homes for minors without family protection and the prohibition of child labor. In the field of health, the country registered an infant mortality rate of 4.9 per thousand live births at the end of 2020.
Since June 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) accredited the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and congenital syphilis.
The island has more than twenty hospitals specialized in pediatric care, as well as a National Immunization Program that guarantees vaccination coverage of almost 100 percent, including vaccines against 13 diseases, including six that remain eradicated.
Likewise, in educational matters, it stands out that more than 99 percent of children over the age of six are incorporated into the Cuban educational system, which enjoys international prestige.