Cuba on World Meteorological Day
By Nina Pereira
Surrounded entirely by the sea, in the Cuban archipelago this World Meteorological Day has a special significance, which is celebrated on March 23rd dedicated to "The ocean, our climate and our time."
The event, an international date since 1997, commemorates the signing, in 1950, of the agreement to create the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), as a UN body to promote international cooperation in this area.
Precisely this year began the United Nations Decade of Ocean Sciences for Sustainable Development 2021-2030, which also highlights the importance of this fundamental component of the planet, with a transcendental role in climate change.
When addressing these issues in an interview with CubaPlus Magazine, researcher Luis Enrique Ramos Guadalupe, 2017 National Meteorology Prize winner, pointed out that when talking about this science, one commonly thinks of the air, the atmosphere that covers the land and the sea, but, he pointed out, 70 percent of the Earth's surface is occupied by the ocean.
"The greatest interaction is between the atmosphere and the ocean." In fact, he said by way of example, there is no hurricane that arises over land, they all arise over the ocean, and many of the storms that pass over Cuba in the summer, with strong winds, electrical discharges and rain, are generated in the sea.
Caribbean: Beyond hurricanes, Cuba is subject to the influence of many systems, all of which have to do with the tropics or with border systems between the tropics and temperate zones, such as cold fronts, he added, and he also mentioned drought episodes that affect recurrently in recent years, quite frequently.
About the ocean, the specialist highlighted the work of the Center for Marine Meteorology, belonging to the Institute of Meteorology, whose function is to study and analyze the waters that surround the country from the point of view of their interaction with the atmosphere.
In particular, he added, it is in charge of generating forecasting models, both for marine currents on the periphery of the Cuban archipelago, and for predicting tides, especially storm tides, among others.
In recent decades, in addition to an extensive meteorological service, a national meteorological system has been developed in Cuba, where other organizations intervene, depending on the events that must be faced.
In the country, there is a permanent meteorological surveillance, 24 hours a day, said the researcher, and indicated there are 68 stations throughout the archipelago and a network made up of eight radars.
Founding member of the Cuban Meteorological Society and author of several books dedicated to these issues, Ramos Guadalupe recalled that since the end of the 18th century, Cuba has had a strong movement of meteorology fans.
Not only do they enjoy the knowledge of science, stressed the expert, but they bring their observations and experiences, and they are a strength of the meteorological service.