For clean air and a blue sky
Air pollution is the main environmental risk for global public health, warns the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) with special emphasis on this September 7, International Clean Air Day, for a Blue Sky.
"Healthy air, healthy planet" is the slogan in 2021 of the day, in which it is recalled that 92% of the population, according to estimates, is exposed to polluted air, with approximately seven million premature deaths a year.
The commemoration, held for the first time last year, was approved in 2019 by a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly, as a call to governments, companies, civil society and individuals to adopt measures to face this phenomenon and transform lifestyles. . The UNDP points out that air pollution also has significant detrimental effects on the climate, biodiversity and ecosystems, and the fulfillment of the Sustainable Development Goals.
On the occasion of the date, the executive director of the international organization, Inger Andersen, specified that polluted air particularly affects children, women and the elderly, and its effects have been linked to diseases such as dementia, diabetes, COVID -19, and cardiovascular and neurological diseases.
The official noted that while developed countries have taken significant steps in this area, developing nations are lagging behind, with the result that many vulnerable and marginalized people suffer from poorer air.
We must ensure that everyone has access to clean air, regardless of their geographical or socio-economic situation, she stressed, and to achieve this, the world will need to take decisive and urgent action.
In Cuba, the Law on Environment sets the care of this important space and the reduction of pollutant emissions generated from fixed or mobile sources, systematically monitoring it by entities such as the Pollution and Chemical Center of the Atmosphere, the Institute of Meteorology, and the National Unit of Environmental Health, of the Ministry of Public Health.