International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
The United Nations celebrates the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on November 25, with an urgent call to put an end to this old and current phenomenon that affects a good part of humanity.
Paint the World Orange: End Violence Against Women Now! is the theme in 2021 of the day, which runs from this date until December 10, International Human Rights Day.
Violence against women and girls, underlines the UN, is one of the most widespread, persistent and devastating human rights violations in the world today, barely reported due to the impunity enjoyed by the perpetrators, and the silence , stigmatization and shame suffered by victims.
Reports from the international body indicate that 137 women are killed daily by members of their own family and, worldwide, one in three women has suffered physical or sexual violence, however, less than 40 percent seek some kind of help. Violence against the female sector of the population, which manifests itself physically, sexually and psychologically, also includes human trafficking, genital mutilation and child marriage.
In recent times, the COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated the already serious situation due to movement restrictions, social isolation and economic insecurity. The International Day arose from an initiative of the Latin American feminist movement in 1981, in commemoration of the murder on November 25, 1960 of the Mirabal sisters (Patria, Minerva and María Teresa), in the Dominican Republic, by the regime of Rafael Leónidas Trujillo .
In 1999, the UN General Assembly accepted the call and the date began to be celebrated in 2000. In Cuba, the day begins on November 1 with various actions, including workshops, talks, meetings in vulnerable communities, exhibitions, concerts and the opening of Councils for the Treatment of Violence, in the Houses of Orientation to Women and Family that has the Federation of Cuban Women (FMC) in the 168 municipalities of the country.
Commenting on the celebration, the member of the FMC secretariat, Yaneidys Pérez Cruz, pointed out that, no matter how long the day is and how many opportunities it offers to attract attention and make the problem more visible, this is one of those battles that they fight and win every day.
This year, the Comprehensive Strategy for the prevention and care of gender violence and violence in the family setting, and the National Program for the Advancement of Women, which also addresses this unavoidable issue, were approved on the island.