International Museum Day, a relevant commemoration
Por Mercy Ramos
Museums are places of great importance in all countries because they treasure, disseminate and preserve the material testimonies of man and his environment for the knowledge and enjoyment of their visitors.
In Cuba there are around 300 museums that keep valuable documents and objects that contribute to research and the conservation of values for the knowledge of new generations. There are 7 different types of museums: art, natural history, archaeological, monographic, historical, science and technology, and agriculture and soils.
In Cuba the first museums emerged in the mid-nineteenth century. However, they become truly valid as of 1959, when the laws for their protection, that of national and local monuments and that referring to municipal museums, are enacted. In addition to this, other institutions were created for its benefit, such as the National Monuments Commission, the School of Museology and the National Center for Conservation, Restoration and Museology.
Today, when International Museum Day is celebrated throughout the world, established 45 years ago by the International Council (ICOM), the Office of the Historian of the City of Havana (OHCH) has organized a varied program that will last until next Saturday to celebrate the date under the motto The power of museums.
Conferences, exhibitions, guided tours and concerts are included in this celebration, among which the following stand out: the talk called Museums of the Historic Center: the power to transform, by the director of Cultural Heritage of the OHCH, Michael González, at the Museum of the City and the panel The anonymous work of the conservators of the OHCH, to discuss the work of these specialists and their work experiences during the pandemic.
As for the guided visits, among others, the one organized to the house of the Ecuadorian painter Oswaldo Guayasamín, to that of the Venezuelan liberator Simón Bolívar, to the Planetarium and to the Santo Domingo de Atarés Castle, one of the fortresses of the colonial era.