“Squeeze but relax” That's how Cuban son is danced!

“Squeeze but relax” That's how Cuban son is danced!


By Fabiana Matamoros

The son arose in the eastern region of Cuba (Santiago de Cuba, Manzanillo, Guantánamo and Baracoa) at the end of the 19th century, the result of a mixture of Bantu and Spanish music.

Unlike the danzon, to dance the son, the couple occupies a much closer position. Legs intertwine and the women move their hips sensually. The son began to be danced throughout the country and was characterized by performing its basic step in harpsichord time or harpsichord mishap.

From the choreographic point of view, there are two fundamental styles of interpreting this genre: the son montuno and the urban son. The first is more lively, characterized by accentuated movements of the torso to the sides, arms up and down, and deep push-ups of the legs.

>In the urban son, dancing position is more upright and the movements are more leisurely, soft and elegant. Instruments have changed over time, but the most common have been the guitar, the Cuban tres, the maracas, the bongo, the bass, the harpsichord, and the trumpet.

If you refer to great soneros, there is the National Septet of Ignacio Piñeiro, who really "added a little sauce" to the popularity of son. Obligatory mention is also due to the Matamoros Trio, Welcome Julián Gutiérrez, Arsenio Rodríguez, La Sonora Matancera, Benny Moré, Celia Cruz, Compay Segundo, Pacho Alonso and others.

Son is the most beloved played, sung and danced genre throughout the history of this our island, with great projection and international recognition. So much so that in September 2012, it was declared an intangible cultural heritage of the Cuban nation.