The planet against racial discrimination
The participation of young people in the fight against racism is a prominent issue this March 21 on the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, a phenomenon that, to a greater or lesser degree, is still a present reality on the planet.
The celebration of this day was proclaimed in 1966 by the General Assembly of the United Nations, an organization that emphasized “all doctrines of racial superiority are scientifically false, morally reprehensible, socially unjust and dangerous and should be rejected, as well as theories that it is intended to determine the existence of separate human races ”.
The date pays tribute to the victims of the so-called massacre in Sharpeville, a South African city where, on March 21, 1960, the police opened fire and killed 69 people in a peaceful protest against apartheid measures.
"Youth, rise up against racism" marks this year the day promoted by the UN, which recalls that last year young people massively supported Black Lives Matter marches, which attracted millions of protesters around the world, and were active on social media against racial injustice.
The organization highlights that its activism became more evident in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, which made it clear that serious inequalities, sometimes rooted in racism, put minorities at greater risk of infection and death.
In Cuba, the revolutionary process that began in 1959 ended the structural bases of racism and eradicated institutionalized racial discrimination, but the issue is still pending, based on the prejudices that persist in sectors of the population.
In recent years, this phenomenon has become increasingly visible in society, which has led to new actions being taken to confront it, including the adoption, in November 2019, of a National Program against Racism and Racial Discrimination, conceived to completely eliminate vestiges that still exist.
The government commission that directs the program is headed by the President of the Republic, Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez, and 18 state agencies and an equal number of civil society organizations pay tribute to it.
In the midst of the International Decade for People of African Descent (2015-2024), this day is part of the Week of Solidarity with Peoples Fighting Racism and Racial Discrimination, from March 21 to 28, and on March 25 is celebrated as the Day of International Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade, all sessions promoted by the UN around a crucial issue, on which the Cuban National Hero José Martí pointed out: “There is no racial hatred because there are no races