The world celebrates Africa Day
The planet celebrates this May 25, Africa Day, a diverse continent, the third with the largest territorial extension, an immense potential, but with serious pending issues.
The day commemorates the creation of the Organization for African Unity (OAU), for which on this date in 1963, thirty-two leaders of States of the region met in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Promoting the decolonization process on the continent and promoting unity and solidarity among those countries were the founding purposes of the OAU, which in 2002 became the current African Union, today with 55 member states.
Inequality, internal conflicts, preventable diseases, food crisis, are among the acute problems facing the region, inhabited by more than a billion people and the 10 poorest countries in the world belong to it, according to data from the Human Development Index of the United Nations.
Africa Day has been a traditional celebration in Cuba, which owes to that continent fundamental components of its national identity. From the dawn of the 16th century until after the second half of the 19th century, more than a million Africans were brought to Cuba as slaves, torn from their places of origin. On the island they settled and mixed, becoming part of the Cuban nationality with its cultures, philosophy of life, culinary customs, religions, traditions, music and dances, contributions to the Spanish language ... During the past six decades, the Caribbean nation's ties with African countries have developed in the most diverse fields.
More than 350,000 Cubans participated in internationalist campaigns in Africa and thousands of civilian aid workers have maintained their presence on that continent since the deployment of the first medical brigade to Algeria in 1963.
The intense bilateral collaboration also includes the possibilities offered to young Africans to study in Cuba, at various levels of education, and there are around 30,000 graduates from almost all the countries in that region.