World Circus Day, an art of tradition in Cuba
To promote its value and contribution to culture, World Circus Day is celebrated on April 17, an ancient artistic manifestation that is now very popular on the planet, with deep roots in Cuba.
Sponsored by the Federation Mondiale du Cirque, every third Saturday of the month of April this day dedicated to a tradition of whose origins there are traces dating back 3,000 years before our era is celebrated.
Circus shows had a popular scene in Cuba since colonial times, with the presence of acrobats, volleyball players and tightrope walkers, and in the period of the Republic (1902), until 1959, companies that made history emerged in the country.
Among them were Pubillones, Santos and Artigas, Montalvo, as well as others, more modest but very professional, who offered their shows in cities and rural areas, and trained artists in their own bosom, cultivating a rich tradition.
Television was also the scene of acrobats, jugglers, clowns, magicians ... in programs such as El circo con Valencia, which made popular figures such as Mandrake the magician, Chorizo and Choricito, Filiberto and Trompoloco, the latter endearing character created by the prominent actor Erdwin Fernández. In 1962 the so-called INIT Circus was inaugurated, which had a large tent and a 34-piece train with everything necessary to satisfy the needs of the show and the artists, which made tours throughout the country.
On June 6, 1968, circus activity was institutionalized, from which the National Circus of Cuba emerged, with growing international prestige and hosting for some four decades the International Circuba Festival, the most relevant in the American continent.
The training of circus artists took a quality leap in recent times, with the creation in 1977 of the National Circus School, which has a solid curriculum aimed at the comprehensive training of young people determined to dedicate themselves to this ancient profession.