World Wildlife Day
With an emphasis on “Forests and livelihoods: sustaining people and preserving the planet”, this March 3, World Wildlife Day is celebrated, an essential component for human well-being.
In commemorating the day, the United Nations recalls that around one third of the planet is covered by forest land and over 800 million people live in tropical forests and savannas in developing countries.
Indigenous and rural communities maintain a particularly close relationship with these natural systems, according to the international body, and depend on them to meet their essential needs, from food and shelter to energy and medicines, but they also maintain a strong personal, cultural and spiritual relationship with those environments.
Indigenous peoples and local communities, it stresses, are also the historical guardians of the most important reserves of biological diversity, including forests. This World Day has been celebrated since 1973, after the approval of the Tree Species Program of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.
As every year, Cuba commemorates the day, although this time virtually due to the Covid-19 pandemic, with various outreach and awareness actions on the permanent need to protect fauna and flora, valuable ecological and genetic treasures, social, economic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic.
With a rich biodiversity, outstanding in the Antilles, the Caribbean island has over 200 protected areas, which cover around 20 percent of its territory, including four natural reserves, 14 national parks, two World Natural Heritage, six Natural Heritage Reserves. the Biosphere and six Ramsar sites (Wetlands of International Importance).